Excited crowds lined Sydney’s streets on Saturday to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, the first time the annual parade has taken place since Australia legalised same-sex marriage.
The event started in 1978 as a protest march for gay rights and the decriminalisation of homosexuality, but has since grown into a major tourist spectacle featuring sequins, glitter, lasers and dance music. It is now Sydney’s biggest street-party, and a major focal point for Australia’s gay and lesbian community.
This year’s procession included 200 floats and groups of street-dancers, with superstar Cher headlining the parade’s official party, the first since Australia became the 26th nation to legalise same-sex marriage last December.
Australians overwhelmingly endorsed legalising same-sex marriage in a postal survey, in a country where sodomy laws were still in place in some states until as recently as the 1990s.
This year’s Mardi Gras also honoured the 78ers, a group of people involved in the original protest, which took place on June 24, 1978, as a peaceful march for gay rights that sparked the annual parade.
That protest was marred by police brutality, with 53 people arrested in subsequent scuffles.
Police have since apologised for the events of 1978, and now march each year in the parade alongside other emergency services.
Bruce Pollack, a Mardi Gras volunteer since 1984, said the parade has played a major role in changing attitudes toward the LGBT community over the decades.
“I was involved in the gay and lesbian counselling service … you would always hear young gays, and older gays, and much older gays say ‘it’s OK to come out because I saw people like me in the parade enjoying themselves – and there were spectators’,” Pollack told Reuters.
“It was Mardi Gras that made it OK to be gay and lesbian and bisexual and transgender.”