Tanzania: US warns its citizens before anti-gay crackdown

(Reuters) – The United States has warned its citizens in Tanzania to be cautious, after the commercial capital, Dar es Salaam, announced a crackdown on homosexuality, a criminal offence in the country.

In an alert on its website late on Saturday, the US Embassy in Tanzania advised Americans to review their social media profiles and internet footprints.

“Remove or protect images and language that may run afoul of Tanzanian lawsregarding homosexual practices and explicit sexual activity”, it said.

The alert said any US citizen who was detained or arrested should ensure the Tanzanian authorities informed the embassy.

Dar es Salaam’s administrative chief, Paul Makonda, said on Wednesday that a special committee would seek to identify and punish homosexuals, prostitutes, and online fraudsters in the city from this week.

The foreign ministry said Makonda was voicing his own opinion, and the planned crackdown did not have national government support.

“The government of the United Republic of Tanzania would like to clarify that those are his own views and not the government position”, the ministry said in a statement.

Last October, at least 12 men were arrested at a Dar es Salaam hotel in a raid on a gathering, which authorities said was to promote same-sex relationships.

President John Magufuli has cracked down on homosexuality since winning power in 2015, and a conviction for having “carnal knowledge of any person against the order of nature” could lead to a sentence of up to 30 years in jail.

Homosexuality remains taboo across much of Africa, and gay people face discrimination or persecution, with rights groups often reluctant to speak publicly in defence of gay rights.

In 2016, Tanzania banned non-governmental organisations from distributing free lubricants, as part of efforts to control the spread of HIV/AIDS, even though some health experts warn that shutting down such outreach programmes could put the wider population at higher risk of infection.

-Nuzulack Dausen, additional reporting George Obulutsa in Nairobi

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