Britain needs to do more to help LGBT+ teenagers, campaigners said on Friday last, after government data showed more than one in three struggle with mental health problems.
Nearly 35 percent of LGBT+ 14 to 19-year-olds in England had a mental disorder, compared to 13 percent of heterosexual adolescents, according to official data released on Thursday.
The research showed the mental health of all young people is worsening in England, and campaigners said there was a particular need for more support for children struggling with their sexuality.
“Even if children are referred for specialist mental health treatment there is a slim chance they will receive it, which is totally unacceptable”, the NSPCC, a children’s charity, said in an emailed statement.
“We hear from children and young people every day who are targeted because of their sexuality. The abuse and negative stereotyping can be so cruel they have self-harmed or been made to feel isolated and withdrawn from society”.
Campaigners also blamed homophobic bullying, and called on the government to reform education.
The number of children bullied because of their sexuality in Britain fell by almost a third between 2007 and 2017, according to a report published by the pressure group, Stonewall.
However, nearly half of LGBT+ pupils experienced homophobic or transphobic bullying at school. Seven out of 10 LGBT+ children had thought about killing themselves.
The problem is even worse for transgender pupils, who are also more likely to attempt suicide and self-harm, according to the Stonewall research.
“When bullying is not addressed – it can have a deeply damaging and long-lasting impact on young people”, Stonewall’s head of policy, Laura Russell, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation by email.
“Children should be taught that LGBT people are no different from anyone else, and that anti-LGBT behaviour should be called out where safe and appropriate to do so”.
Ros Sewell, a member of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy, who has worked with children and young people, agreed there was not enough counselling in schools.
“When people are going through these issues and discovering, ‘what am I, who am I’, there’s no one to go and talk about that to”, she said.
The government study found almost a quarter of all girls aged 17 to 19 had a “mental disorder”, which includes hyperactivity and behavioural problems, compared to one in 10 boys.
-Rachel Savage @rachelmsavage, Thomson Reuters Foundation