Ecuador: Murder of trans woman sparks fears of rising anti-LGBT+ violence

The killing of a transgender woman in Ecuador has ignited fears of a rise in anti-LGBT+ violence following recent gains in the South American country, activists said on Thursday.

Family members found the body of a 40-year-old trans woman, known as ‘La Gata’, on Wednesday, in the province of Santo Domingo de los Tsachilas, the eighth case of murder or violent or unclassified death of a trans woman this year in Ecuador.

According to rights activists, one trans person was killed in all of 2018.

Diane Rodriguez, president of the Ecuadorian Federation of LGBTI Organizations and the first trans woman elected to Ecuador’s National Assembly, said the spate of deaths has the community in shock.

“Once again, the LGBT community in Ecuador is in mourning,” she told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. “We thought (the attacks) were going to decrease, but on the contrary, we’ve been surprised by this year’s statistics.”


The series of transgender deaths follows a string of recent victories for the LGBT+ movement in Ecuador.

In June, the Latin American nation became the 27th country worldwide to allow same-sex marriage, while a law passed in 2016 allowed trans people to change their gender identity legally without having surgery.

In 2018, the country’s top court legally acknowledged a lesbian couple as parents to their two children, the first such decision in Ecuador’s history.

But now some fear the rising violence may signal a backlash against LGBT+ advancements in the predominantly Roman Catholic country of some 16 million.

“It’s no longer that people want to threaten us – now they’re killing us,” said Rodriguez, blaming “the advancements in human rights that we’ve had in the country. What it does is to inflame the anger and hate against LGBTI people.”

Rodriguez said a couple prominent in the same-sex marriage campaign, Boris Alvarez and Geovanny Vareles, were robbed and received death threats earlier this month, outside the offices of right group Silueta X in the city of Guayaquil.

Alvarez and Vareles became the first gay male couple to be legally married in Ecuador in July.

Nearly 100 LGBT+ couples have registered to be married since the nation’s top court ruled in favour of same-sex marriage in June, according to the Ecuadorian Federation of LGBTI Organizations.

-Oscar Lopez

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