A Ghanaian bill criminalising LGBT+ people will establish “a system of state-sponsored discrimination and violence” against sexual minorities, UN human rights experts warned on Thursday, urging authorities to reject the proposed law.
The Promotion of Proper Human Sexual Rights and Ghanaian Family Values Bill, 2021, was introduced in parliament on August 2, and is expected to go before lawmakers for debate in October.
In a letter to Ghana’s mission to the UN in Geneva, the experts – who include the UN’s independent expert on sexual orientation and gender identity, Victor Madrigal-Borloz – said the bill violated Ghana’s international human rights agreements.
“We express our grave concern about the draft bill, which seems to establish a system of state-sponsored discrimination and violence against LGBTI persons of great magnitude,” said the letter dated August 9, and publicly released on Thursday.
“Given that LGBTI people are present in every family and every community, it is not very difficult to imagine how, if it were to be adopted, this legislation could create a recipe for conflict and violence.”
Ghanaian government officials were not immediately available for comment.
[Homosexuality] is already punishable with up to three years in jail in Ghana, where homophobic persecution is widespread. The bill would also impose a penalty of up to five years imprisonment for being LGBT+, and of 10 years for advocating for their rights.
Online platforms or media companies publishing information deemed to support LGBT+ people or challenge traditional binary male and female gender identities, could also be prosecuted.
The draft law promotes so-called conversion therapy, by allowing flexible sentencing for an LGBT+ person if they request ‘treatment’ to change their sexual orientation or gender identity, which the UN experts said “may amount to torture”.
Some political analysts say there is enough cross-party support in the largely conservative Christian West African nation for the bill to become law.
However, the bill could face pressure from international donors and legal challenges, as the UN experts said it violated international conventions to which Ghana is party, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Danny Bediako, of the human rights organisation, Rightify Ghana, said he hoped the UN statement would encourage lawmakers to vote against the bill.
“Just as some Ghanaians who have spoken against the hate bill, the international community is concerned about Ghana’s democratic credentials being wiped out by this anti-LGBTQ bill,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
“Within parliament, I don’t think it would make much difference amongst MPs who support the bill. However, it could encourage other MPs to speak against it.”
Reporting by Nita Bhalla @nitabhalla – Thomson Reuters Foundation